By Nicholas White
This up to date Seminar Study presents an outline of the method of British decolonisation. The eclipse of the British Empire has been one of many vital positive aspects of post-war foreign historical past. on the finish of the second one international conflict the empire nonetheless spanned the globe and but by means of the mid-1960s such a lot of Britain’s significant dependencies had accomplished independence.
Concisely and accessibly, the e-book introduces scholars to this frequently dramatic tale of colonial wars and emergencies, and fraught diplomacy. even supposing a comparatively fresh phenomenon, the top of the British Empire maintains to spawn a full of life and voluminous historic debate.
Dr. White presents a synthesis of modern ways, especially up-to-date and extended for this variation, via taking a look at the loss of life of British imperial strength from 3 major views the moving emphases of British abroad coverage the increase of populist, anti-colonial nationalism the overseas political, strategic, and monetary surroundings ruled through the united states and the USSR.
The booklet additionally examines the British adventure in the context of ecu decolonisation as a complete. helping the textual content are quite a number precious instruments, together with maps, a chronology of independence, a advisor to the most characters concerned, and an intensive bibliography (specially accelerated for the hot variation. Decolonisation: the British adventure seeing that 1945 is perfect for college kids and readers in any respect degrees, offering a various diversity of fundamental resources and the instruments to liberate them.
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Extra info for Decolonisation: The British Experience since 1945
For Attlee, India had to be retained within the Commonwealth. The Chiefs of Staff agreed since this was a means of preventing India from drifting towards the Soviet Union. Hence, membership criteria were modified in 1949 to permit the presence of republics: the king would become head of the new Commonwealth which consisted of both Crown Dominions (in which he would also be king) and Republican Dominions (in which he would not be king) (Moore, 1987; McIntyre, 1996). Moreover, the term ‘Dominion’ was increasingly dropped in favour of ‘Commonwealth country’ or ‘member of the Commonwealth’, and the former ‘British Commonwealth of Nations’ was now merely styled ‘Commonwealth of Nations’ (McIntyre, 1999: 201).
The British Empire was subject to new stresses and strains after 1945, but the scenario outlined above is too simplistic. Britain may have emerged from the Second World War with limited resources for its worldwide commitments, but British policy-makers did not lack the will to maintain both the empire and Britain’s role as a global power. If anything, the empire took on a new significance for Britain in the post-war world. Both problems predicated enhanced interest in the empire in general and Africa in particular’ (Hyam, 1992: xxiii).
The largest empire the world has ever known, covering 25 per cent of the globe and about one-quarter of its people, successfully weathered economic depression and global warfare in the first half of the twentieth century. By the mid-1960s, however, those territories painted pink on the map had been reduced to a ramshackle and relatively insignificant set of islands and dependencies. Between 1945 and 1965 alone the population under British rule diminished over one hundred times from 700 to 5 million (Louis, 1999).