By Lon Nordeen, Jim Laurier
The Harrier II jet observed clash in Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm (Gulf War), Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan) and Iraqi Freedom (Iraq War). The plane has matured right into a multi-role platform throughout the addition of an evening imaginative and prescient process, radar, an exterior focusing on pod and new laser-guided guns.
In the Nineteen Seventies the USMC got the AV-8A Harrier from the united kingdom to check V/STOL recommendations for shut air help. A winning investment conflict used to be as a result fought within the Nineteen Eighties to safe army, political and financial aid to extend this idea to enhance and box the second one new release AV-8B Harrier II from the overdue Eighties onward. The AV-8B was once, and nonetheless is, the one tactical plane which may install with Marine forces on amphibious attack ships and supply air hide and shut air help cut loose huge deck plane providers. Having visible motion in-theatre in the course of Operation wasteland hurricane in 1991, the Harrier II was once seriously taken with motion once more over Iraq from March 2003 as a part of Operation Iraqi Freedom I/II. within the preliminary clash, a few seventy six AV-8s have been deployed - delivering greater than forty consistent with cent of the third Marine Air Wing's fixed-wing offensive firepower. round 60 of those airplane have been sea-based aboard 4 'Harrier carriers', whereas devices flew from Ahmed al Jaber, in Kuwait. in contrast to in 1991, whilst the Harrier II devices hired unguided guns - dumb bombs, cluster bombs and napalm - in 2003 seventy nine in step with cent of the ordnance dropped was once precision-guided. This was once essentially end result of the AV-8B's upgrading into evening assault or radar-equipped configuration, and advent of the Litening concentrating on pod. Following the profession of Iraq via Coalition troops, the Harrier IIs remained in-theatre assisting anti-insurgent operations via to 2008 as a part of OIF II. Flying from Al Asad, or 'Harrier companies' within the Northern Arabian Gulf, those devices observed massive motion in southern and western Iraq. This ebook is the second one of 3 volumes on USMC Harrier IIs in strive against, and it'll be the 1st quantity in print to hide the full tale of the AV-8B's carrier employment in Iraq.
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Additional resources for AV-8B Harrier II Units of Operation Iraqi Freedom I-VI
MIM-104 Patriot surface-to-air missile batteries can be seen behind the aircraft (US Marine Corps) had deserted, leaving these sites undefended. On one of these missions, however, we did get shot at by AAA. Even though the tracer was a few miles away, it brought home to us that we were indeed in a combat zone, and not just flying a training mission over a bombing range. ‘At the start of the war we still had fewer Litening II pods than aircraft, and there were flight limitations for landing when carrying a pod and a 1000-lb GBU16 bomb.
We quickly created planning teams made up of pilots not scheduled to fly the next day, and it was their job to prepare missions for the guys who were on the flight programme while the latter got some rest. ‘Following a few hours of sleep, pilots would get up, brief and practise a planned mission, go fly it, then come back to the ship, land, debrief and then undertake planning for the next day’s missions. Aside from doing all of this, I was added to one of the LSO rotations. It was “good” busy during OIF, as we knew we were doing good work supporting our troops in-theatre.
On returning to the area to assess the damage, and look for additional targets, I was locked up and received missile launch indications from several ground threats. I manoeuvred and expended chaff in an attempt to defeat the radar, but after a few seconds I received indications of a second launch. We were at an altitude that was beyond the range of the smaller SAM systems that had locked onto us. I lowered the nose to preserve energy and then began a climb to 51 CHAPTER FOUR 52 regain altitude, while continuing to expend chaff.