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By Roy Upton; et al

Content material: advent to Botanical Microscopy Pharmacognosy: From Dioscorides to trendy natural medicinal drugs what is in a reputation? Nomenclature of Botanical fabrics To Be or to not Be? a spotlight on Botanical Adulteration Microscopy for id of Botanical uncooked fabrics: makes use of and boundaries constructing a Microscopy Lab significant Plant teams buildings of the first Plant physique and simple Plant Anatomy Diagnostic features of Tissues association of Tissues in Medicinal Plant elements practise of Samples for Microscopic research Botanical Microscopy Atlas Achillea millefolium L. Aconitum carmichaeli Debx., Aconitum kusnezoffi Reicher Actaea racemosa L. syn. Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt Aesculus hippocastanum L. Akebia trifoliata (Thunb.) Koidz Aletris farinosa L. Allium sativum L. Angelica archangelica L. Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels Arctium lappa L. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng Aristolochia fangchi Y. C. Wu ex L. D. Chou & S. M. Hwang Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom Arnica montana L. Astragalus mongholicus Bunge syn. A. membranaceus Bunge, A. membranaceus Bunge var. mongholicus(Bunge) P. okay. Hsiao Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz Atropa belladonna L. Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell syn. Bacopa monnieria (L.) Wettstein Bupleurum spp Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx Centella asiatica (L.) Urb Cephaelis ipecacuanha (Brot.)Rich. and Cephaelis acuminata Karsten Chamaelirium luteum (L.) A. grey Chamaemelum nobile (L.) All Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W.P.C. Barton Cinchona succirubra Pav. ex Klotzsch (syn. C. pubescens Vahl) Clematis armandii Franch Clematis chinensis Retz Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf., Codonopsis tangshen Oliv Cola nitida (Vent.) A. Chev Coptis chinensis Franch., Coptis deltoidea C. Y. Cheng et Hsiao, Coptis teeta Wall Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC Hawthorn Fruit Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC Hawthorn Leaf and Flower Crataegus monogyna Jacq. Hawthorn Fruit Crataegus monogyna Jacq. Hawthorn Leaf and Flower Curcuma longa L. Datura stramonium L. Digitalis lanata Ehrh Digitalis purpurea L. Echinacea angustifolia DC Echinacea atrorubens Nutt Echinacea pallida (Nutt.) Nutt Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench Aerial components Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench Root and Rhizome Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench Seed Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim Ephedra sinica Stapf, Ephedra equisetina Bunge, E. intermedia Epimedium spp Equisetum arvense L. Eupatorium fistulosum Barratt syn. E. purpureum L. Eupatorium perfoliatum L. Frangula alnus Mill. syn. Rhamnus frangulaL. Frangula purshiana (DC.) J. G. Cooper syn. Rhamnus purshianaDC Ganoderma lucidum P. Karst Ginkgo biloba L. Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. ex DC., Glycyrrhiza inflata Batalin Glycyrrhiza Glabra L. Grifola frondosa (Dicks: Fr.) S.F. grey Hamamelis virginiana L. Hedysarum polybotris Hand.-Mazz Humulus lupulus L. Hydrastis canadensis L. Leaf Hydrastis canadensis L. Rhizome and Root Hypericum perforatum L. Illicium anisatum L. Illicium verum J. D. Hook Larrea tridentata (Sesse & Moc. ex DC.) Coville Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Singer syn. Lentinus edodes (Berk) Singer Levisticum officinale W. Koch Ligusticum porteri J. M. Coult.& Rose Ligustrum lucidum W. T. Aiton Lycium chinense Mill.,L. barbarum L. Mahonia nervosa (Pursh.) Nutt Matricaria recutita L. Melissa officinalis L. Mentha A - piperitaL. Mentha pulegium L. Mitchella repens L. Oplopanax horridus (Sm.) Miq Panax ginsengC. A. Mey. Root (unprocessed) Panax ginsengC. A. Mey. Root (processed) Panax pseudo ginseng (Burkill) F. H. Chen ex C. Chow & W. G. Huang Panax quinquefolius L. Parthenium integrifolium L. Passiflora incarnata L. Paullinia cupana Kunth Pausinystalia johimbe (K. Schum.) Pierre ex Beille Periploca sepium Bunge Petasites frigidus (L.) Frigs Phyllanthus emblica L Piper methysticum G.Forst Plantago lanceolata L. Plantago significant L. Polygonum multiflorum Thunb Prunus africanum (Hook f.) Kalkman (syn. Pygeum africanum Hook. f.) Prunus serotina Ehrh Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth . ex Kurz Rheum spp. (Rheum officinale Baillon, Rheum palmatum L., Rheum tanguticum Maxim. ex Balf.) Rhodiola rosea L. Rumex crispus L. Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge Saussurea costus (Falc.) Lipsch. Root syn. Aucklandia costus Falc.; Aucklandia lappa Decne.; Saussurea lappa Decne. C. B. Clarke Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill Schisandra sphenanthera Rehder & E. H. Wilson Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi Scutellaria lateriflora L. Senna alexandrina Mill. (syn. Cassia senna, C. angustifolia, C. acutifolia) Senna alexandrina Mill Serenoa repens (W. Bartram) Small Serratula spp Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn Stephania tetrandra S. Moore Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni) Bertoni Symphytum officinale L. Leaf Symphytum officinale L. Root Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Sch.Bip Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wigg. Leaf Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wigg. Root Terminalia bellerica (Gaertn.) Roxb Terminalia chebula Retz Teucrium chamaedrys L. Trifolium pratense L. Tussilago farfara L. Ulmus rubra Muhl Uncaria tomentosa (Willd.) DC Urtica dioica L. Aerial elements Urtica dioica L. Rhizome and Root Urtica urens L. Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton Vaccinium myrtillus L. Valeriana officinalis L. Viburnum opulus L. Viburnum prunifolium L. Vitex agnus-castus L. Withania somnifera L. Dunal Zingiber officinale Roscoe word list of Botanical Microscopy Terminology References and Bibliography Index

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2000) and plant part characterized, the appropriate Chinese pinyin or ayurvedic name when specifically applicable, the corresponding pharmaceutical name, and the plant family, which in some cases is diagnostically valuable. ◾◾ Microscopic characterizations: In addition to nomenclature, each microscopic characterization includes four parts: (1) a brief introductory paragraph on the primary medicinal use of the botanical with specific information on potential adulterants of which the microscopist should be aware; (2) a detailed text description of the microscopic characterization of the plant part in its relatively whole form, along with a listing of the primary tissues found in the same material when it is powdered; (3) illustrations of the primary tissues that are most prominent and diagnostically relevant to the microscopist; and (4) photographic images of the primary structures and tissues.

Cragg, G. , D. J. Newman, and K. M. Snader. 1997. Natural products in drug discovery and development. Journal of Natural Products 60:52–60. Eisenberg, D. , R. B. Davis, S. L. Ettner, S. Appel, S. Wilkey, M. Van Rompay, and R. C. Kessler. 1998. Trends in alternative medicine use in the United States, 1990–1997: Results of a follow-up national survey. Journal of the American Medical Association 280:1569–1575. Eisenberg, D. , R. C. Kessler, C. Foster, F. E. Norlock, D. R. Calkins, and T. L. Delbanco.

287 pp. Wagner H. 2004. Revival of Pharmacognosy. Classical Botanical Pharmacognosy. Satellite Symposium: Annual Meeting of the American Society of Pharmacognosy, Phoenix, AZ. , and J. Gruenwald. 1997. Germany moves to the forefront of the European herbal medicine industry. April 15, 1997, Genetic Engineering News 17:14, 29. —What’s That? ” . 4 Pharmacognosis—Knowledge of Medicines . . . . . . 4 Pharmacognosy—A Descriptive Science . . . . . . . 8 Materia Medica . . . . . . .

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