Download Aladdin's Lamp: How Greek Science Came to Europe Through the by John Freely PDF

By John Freely

Aladdin’s Lamp is the attention-grabbing tale of ways old Greek philosophy and technological know-how all started within the 6th century B.C. and, through the subsequent millennium, unfold around the Greco-Roman international, generating the amazing discoveries and theories of Thales, Pythagoras, Hippocrates, Plato, Aristotle, Euclid, Archimedes, Galen, Ptolemy, and so on. John Freely explains how, because the darkish a long time shrouded Europe, students in medieval Baghdad translated the works of those Greek thinkers into Arabic, spreading their principles in the course of the Islamic global from significant Asia to Spain, with many Muslim scientists, so much significantly Avicenna, Alhazen, and Averroës, including their very own interpretations to the philosophy and technology that they had inherited. Freely is going directly to convey how, starting within the 12th century, those texts via Islamic students have been then translated from Arabic into Latin, sparking the emergence of contemporary technology on the sunrise of the Renaissance, which climaxed within the clinical Revolution of the 17th century.

Show description

Read or Download Aladdin's Lamp: How Greek Science Came to Europe Through the Islamic World PDF

Similar middle east books

Gaza in Crisis: Reflections on Israel's War Against the Palestinians (3rd Edition)

"Chomsky is a world phenomenon . . . he could be the most generally learn American voice on international coverage on this planet. "—The ny instances e-book evaluate

"Ilan Pappé is Israel's bravest, such a lot principled, so much incisive historian. "—John Pilger

Described through a UN fact-finding undertaking as "a intentionally disproportionate assault designed to punish, humiliate, and terrorize a civilian population," Israel's Operation solid Lead thrust the humanitarian quandary within the Gaza Strip into the heart of the controversy concerning the Israel/Palestine conflict.

In Gaza in predicament, Noam Chomsky and Ilan Pappé, of the issue's such a lot insightful and well-known severe voices, survey the fallout from Israel's behavior in Gaza and position it into the context of Israel's longstanding profession of Palestine.

Immortal: A Military History of Iran and Its Armed Forces

"Immortal" is the one single-volume English-language survey of Iran's army heritage. CIA analyst Steven R. Ward exhibits that Iran's infantrymen, from the famed "Immortals" of historic Persia to state-of-the-art innovative defend, have validated during the centuries that they need to now not be underestimated. This heritage additionally offers heritage at the nationalist, tribal, and non secular heritages of the rustic to aid readers larger comprehend Iran and its safety outlook.

The politics of national celebrations in the Arab Middle East

"Why do nations have fun defining spiritual moments or major occasions of their background, and the way and why do their leaders pick out sure occasions for commemoration and never others? This e-book is the 1st systematic learn of the position of celebrations and public vacations within the Arab heart East from the autumn of the Ottoman Empire to the current.

The A to Z of Iran

Iran is a rustic with a deep and complicated historical past. Over a number of thousand years, Iran has been the resource of various artistic contributions to the non secular and literary international, and the positioning of many amazing manifestations of fabric tradition. The unique position that Iran has come to carry in modern historic occasions, so much lately as a middle degree actor within the unfolding and interconnected drama of globally nuclear fingers proliferation and terrorism, is the entire extra cause to discover the characters and character of Iran and Iranians.

Extra resources for Aladdin's Lamp: How Greek Science Came to Europe Through the Islamic World

Sample text

Cf. Flori 1983, 143. 135. Miracula s. Benedicti V,4 (Head and Landes 1992b, app. A, 342). Adalbero mounted Odilo’s soldiers on asses too: “Ascendant asinum bini, denique camelum! ” Poème lines 142 – 43. 01-C1880 10/30/01 12:20 PM Page 26 26 Chapter 1 defined place. 137 In this scheme, too, warriors had a designated place—in the first division. ” 138 Socializing the soldiers, however, took more than fitting them into a well-ordered social scheme. The problem at the beginning of the second millennium lay not so much in defining the professional soldiers as in limiting the violence perpetrated by this group.

01-C1880 10/30/01 12:21 PM Page 30 30 Chapter 1 ing or employ their arms under the Church’s direction. 165 In his exposition, the Church had the jurisdictional right of coercive action. 166 The Church’s material coercive power was independent of the coercive power of secular princes and could be exercised against them by the Church itself. 169 Secular princes had to fulfil their ap- 163. Protocol of the Autumn Roman Synod, 1078, c. 6, in Gregory VII Register VI, 5b (p. 404). Cf. 1: 242. The canon was incorporated into Gratian’s Decretum.

142. McGinn 1978, 38 –39; Morris 1991, 143 ff. Erdmann 1935 remains a reference work. 146 But the two points of primary interest here are, first, the Church’s taking in its own hands command over the use of arms and, second, its defining the mode and purpose of military action. The Peace of God and Truce of God movements, as we have already seen, relied on the force of arms. 149 The peace movement created a situation in which Church dignitaries—alone or in collaboration with lay princes— either threatened to command or actually commanded the employment of arms.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.49 of 5 – based on 15 votes