By Faith Njeri Nguthi
Utilizing tissue-cultured know-how is a in all likelihood vital manner for smallholder banana farmers to enhance their yields and source of revenue. within the scenario of the impoverishing results of excessive HIV/AIDS-prevalence in a rural banana-farming neighborhood, this is applicable much more. The study documented during this booklet examines the stability among required inputs and power merits of utilising the tissue-cultured expertise between HIV/AIDS-affected and non-affected families in Maragua district, principal Kenya, utilizing a livelihood strategy. the consequences exhibit that adoption of the expertise and its persevered use differs in response to the assets endowment of the farming families. loss of monetary and actual capital, significantly a water tank, inhibits adoption, without reference to HIV/AIDS-status.However, families headed by means of aged adult females dominate one of the terrible families and the HIV/AIDS-affected families. This illustrates how HIV/AIDS interfaces with poverty and, thereby, in some way with the feasibility of sustainable expertise adoption. The examine additionally indicates that livelihood judgements and techniques of farming families are inspired by way of land tenure prestige (having identify deeds or no longer) and labour constraints on the loved ones point. The latter come up due to HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality
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Additional resources for Adoption Of Agricultural Innovations By Smallholder Farmers In The Context Of HIV/AIDS: The Case of Tissue-Cultured Banana in Kenya
Deciding on what assets to utilize, when and how, constitutes a household’s livelihood strategy. Different authors identify various types of strategies. Scoones (1998) categorises strategies into agricultural intensification and extensification; livelihood diversification that includes both paid employment and rural enterprises; and migration for income generation and remittances. Carney (1998) lists livelihood categories as natural- resource based, non-natural resource based, and migration. Ellis (2000) categorises them into natural resource-based strategies and non-natural resource based strategies (including remittances and other transfers).
Vulnerability is also distinguished by its external or internal dimensions (Chambers, 1990; Brons et al. forthcoming). Internal vulnerability refers to the specific characteristics of an individual or household (age, sex, education and health status), which make them unable to cope with stress, crises or shocks. Internal vulnerability is manly associated with lack of access to assets. This is because one of the means of resistance to vulnerability is the assets and entitlements that individuals or households can mobilize and manage in the face of hardship.
The study specifically focuses on farming households that are described as familybased, and who produce for both home consumption and market sale. The farming household is embedded in a system consisting of the farm production and the household unit where the former is a production unit while the latter ensures maintenance and reproduction. Depending on the resources and assets available to the household it engages in activities directed at satisfying the material needs of the household members.