By Anna Contadini
The Kitāb Naʿt al-Ḥayawān is the earliest of a bunch of illustrated manuscripts facing the features of animals and their medicinal makes use of. the current learn considers either the confluence of textual traditions inside this paintings and the stylistic and iconographic relationships of its illustrations, which make it a key witness to early thirteenth-century Arab portray. After a second look of past techniques, emphasis is put on touching on picture to textual content, on stylistic affiliations, and at the modalities of creation, supported by means of technical analyses undertaken for the 1st time. In elucidating the actual context of this precise manuscript, the examine contributes to our knowing of a serious interval within the improvement of center jap portray and paintings.
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Additional info for A World of Beasts: A Thirteenth-Century Illustrated Arabic Book on Animals (the Kitāb Na‘t al-Ḥayawān) in the Ibn Bakhtīshū‘ Tradition
257v), and the uses of Leeches, ending on fol. 258v. There is then another missing folio, dealing with the Spider, and probably containing a painting. The text resumes, with the latter part of the uses of the Spider, on fol. 253r, followed by a representation (untitled) of the Lice, Ticks, Mites and Weevils (Cat. 85), the discussion of which begins on fol. 253v and continues on fol. 248r, where there is space for a missing painting, and fol. 248v, after which there is another disconti- 16 17 For classical Arabic ʿaẓāh.
Only a completely inept reader of the concluding statement could be inspired by it to place the partridge immediately after the frontispieces, but once the partridge was there a concluding statement added to the first section would not place it in the second. The concluding statement is itself textually unconnected to anything else and therefore freestanding. It is on an old-looking folio all four margins of which have been restored, and what confirms the suspicion that it is a later addition is that the concluding folio of the quadruped section has the catchword naʿt al-dīk (213v), leading us straight into the bird section headed by the cockerel (as also in the Escorial and BnF manāfiʿ): this catchword must therefore antedate the insertion of the folio with the concluding statement and the disturbance of the order.
It would be reasonable to conclude that in the original form of the Naʿt: – the fourth frontispiece was followed by a verso either blank or with the title of the work; – the text began with what is now fol. 95r (qāla jāmiʿ hādha al-kitāb), proceeded through the discourses and the section on quadrupeds; – this was followed immediately by the cockerel; – the partridge material now on the verso of the fourth frontispiece and the following recto is a later addition; – the concluding statement at the end of the first section is a later addition.