Download A History of the Crusades, Volume IV: The Art and by Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard PDF

By Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard

The six volumes of A historical past of the Crusades will stand because the definitive historical past of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of data and research of the historical past, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval international.

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Extra resources for A History of the Crusades, Volume IV: The Art and Architecture of the Crusader States (Art & Architecture of the Crusader States)

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83 To the north, Sidon, with its fine ramparts and good markets, had hundreds of villages dependent on it. The nearby mountains were famed for their springs, one of which was supposed to have aphrodisiac fish. 84 Still farther north was Tripoli, which, like Tyre, ·possessed a fine harbor and was well fortified and almosfentirely surrounded by sea. Although rather small in area, this was the chief commercial and manufacturing town of its region, and many middlemen were active there. berias, which the Franks lost in 1187, was on a hill beside the Sea of Galilee, a sweetwater lake about twelve miles in length; most of its provisions came across the lake from the Moslem side.

315; Ernoul, trans. Conder, p. 5 I, .. ys this was true in many places on M t. Lebanon. 171. Soinvute, pp. 151-152. 172. James ofVitry, Eplstolae, p. 113. 26 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES IV bly after his midday rest he visited the sick until vespers (three to six o'clock). At that point he would eat once more; then he received widows and orphans before hiding away somewhere where he could read. He prayed and meditated much at night. Such a severe routine, for a man who had a sufficiently light touch to compose the Exemp/a, shows how obsessed he was by the need for labor in the Holy Land.

Ibn·Jubair, p. 3~8. 12 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES IV household the kitchen fire was the central one; when this was blazing brightly, no other light was needed, at least in the vicinity. We are not always certain about the whereabouts of the kitchen; in many instances, it may have been in a lean-to set against. the house. Sanitation, such as it was, was primitive. Je could hope for. If there was a moat, temporary or permanent, that was considered an excellent place for the disposal of filth. 62 In ..

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