Download A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades, by Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff, Harry W. Hazard PDF

By Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff, Harry W. Hazard

The six volumes of A heritage of the Crusades will stand because the definitive background of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of knowledge and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval international.  

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Extra info for A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades, 1189-1311 (History of the Crusades (University of Wisconsin Press))

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Therefore, he decided to build a new coalition starting with the German king Conrad III, whose rival, W elf of Bavaria, was receiving subsidies from Roger. n d received a Venetian pledge of naval assistance in the coming war. , 1), pp. s croisades, II, chap. sadts, II, chap. n; Cahea, Syrie du nurd, pp. 357, 488-489, so•-so3; Chalandon, Donrination normande, II, u4-u5; and volume I of the pn:oent work, chapter XIII, pp. 434-446. Roger also clajmed he was entitled to Antioch because he had conquered Bohemood's Italian fiefs ceded to duke William.

Was put in charge of the navy. The importance of the navy under the second count of Sicily is emphasized by the fact that the admiral was now entrusted with the functions of a first minister in the civil government of Sicily. See the brilliant reconstruction of this development by Amari, Storia dri musulmani, III, 357 tf. ; Caspar, Roger II, pp. ; and W. Cohn, Die Geschichltdtrnormannisch-sici/isdzen Flmt•unttrdtr Rtgierung Rogffs I. , pp. 14 tf. 20 A HISTORY OF TH£ CRUSADES II the Zlrids,117 and while he renewed the earlier agreement with Yal;tya's son and successor 'All (rn6-rrzi), he seems to have supported the efforts of Ran', the governor of Gabes and a chieftain of the Banu-Hilal, to break with the emir.

406-407; also E. " 7 Although the title was later changed to emphasize the original divisions of Norman Italy, and the papal right to the investiture of each of them (regnum Siciii4e, ducatus Apuiiae, et principatus Capuae), Christmas day of r I 30 foreshadows the later kingdom of the Two Sicilies. -Lllwenfeld, l&gnta pontificum Romanonun, no. par, Rogtr II, Regesten, no. 65. The full grant includes the honor of Naples and military help from the population of Benevento. Oo Rogers obligations, seeJaff~-Ulwenfeld, no.

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