By Jeffrey R. Yost
A vital contribution to the research of the background of pcs, this paintings identifies the computer's influence at the actual, organic, cognitive, and scientific sciences. References basic to the understudied zone of the background of clinical computing additionally rfile the numerous function of the sciences in supporting to form the advance of laptop know-how. extra commonly, the various assets on clinical computing aid show how the pc was once the main major medical device of the twentieth century.
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Additional resources for A Bibliographic Guide to Resources in Scientific Computing, 1945-1975
Short reminiscence relates interesting perspective of how some scientists at Oak Ridge, including both Householder and Lab Director Alvin Weinberg, initially showed skepticism of the potential applications and benefits of computers at the lab, but eventually they and others were supportive of the use of the new technology. 117. Howlett, Jack. " IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 21:1 (January-March 1999): 17-23. Discusses the history of the formation of the idea, proposal, realization, and work of the ATLAS Computer Laboratory in Great Britain by its first director, Jack Howlett.
By the 1970s the NSF had refocused its attention and funding toward the newly emerging field of theoretical computer science. Indicates that IBM, rather than institutes of higher education or the government, was the single strongest force at introducing computers to college and university campuses in the middle 1950s. Charts show the breakdown of NSF funding in the following categories: research, education, information systems, and facilities. 70. Backus, John. " Annals of the History of Computing 1:1 (July 1979): 21-37.
Examines the history and sociology of floating-point arithmetic performed by computers, indicating that many different computer arithmetics have been proposed and the standard (defined by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) was negotiated rather than deduced from existing human arithmetic. The article then shifts to the issue of the mathematical proof of the correctness of hardware designs and software programs, arguing that the extension of the domain of the application of a proof involves negotiation of what a proof is.